Calendar Feature: the Chinese Calendar
According to Wikipedia, a calendar is a structure for identifying certain periods of time and days. It is often a physical device to remind the user of events and appointments. The very common and visible calendars are often made of paper. But with the advent of digital technology, calendars nowadays are already included in computer systems and mobile phones.
There are different types of calendar, the most famous and widely used of which is the Julian calendar. Another well known calendar is the Chinese calendar that combines the elements of both the lunar and solar calendars; hence it is called a "lunisolar" calendar.
Today, China uses the Gregorian calendar (or "common calendar") for day to day activities. However, for traditional Chinese holidays, the people use the Chinese calendar to choose the date for their event. Holidays marked by the Chinese calendar are the Chinese New Year or Spring Festival, the Duan Wu Festival, and the Mid-Autumn Festival. They also use the calendar for setting the dates for weddings or openings of buildings. It is believed that choosing the dates according to the cycle of the moon customarily brings good fortune and good tidings.
Aside from the "lunisolar" calendar, the Chinese calendar has several adopted names. It is also known as the "agricultural calendar"; the "Yin calendar" to refer to its lunar feature; the "old calendar"; and the "Xia calendar" after the time of the Xia dynasty.
In the beginning...
According to Chinese tradition, the Chinese calendar was invented by Huangdi who was considered as the legendary father of the Chinese people, during his reign in 2697 BC.
On the other hand, it was during the Shang dynasty that evidence of the Chinese calendar was discovered. It was found engraved on oracle bones. Discoverers of the bones are convinced that these are evidence of a lunisolar year of 12 months. It was during this dynasty that the year began on the first appearance of the new moon after the winter season. Tradition claims that the Shang calendar was used until the middle of the 7th century.
During the Zhou dynasty, one whole year has 12 months, with each month containing 29 or 30 days from time to time. This is done to makes sure that the Chinese calendar catch up with what they call "drifts" between the calendar and the moon cycle.
At the start of the "Warring States", introduction of calculated calendars were introduced. This was brought about by developments made in astronomy and mathematics during that time. The first calculated Chinese calendar was the "Quarter Remainder" calendar which began in 484 BC. The calendar year started on the new moon after the winter solstice.
As the last Zhou emperor surrendered his empire to a new leader, a new calendar also emerged in 256 BC. Named after the new dynasty, the Qin calendar began during the second new moon before the winter season. This calendar was widely used until the beginning of the Western Han dynasty.
It was during the Han dynasty that the Chinese calendar benefited from immense reforms that has made the Chinese calendar what it is today.
For comments, inquiries and for more information, visit:
Calendar Printing Service
Related Tags: calendar printing, online printing company
Janice Jenkins is a writer for a marketing company in Chicago, IL. Mostly into marketing research, Janice started writing articles early 2007 to impart her knowledge to individuals new to the marketing industry.Your Article Search Directory : Find in Articles
Recent articles in this category:
- Aerial Photogrpahy - Is gyro-stabilisation nessecary?
† The airliner you were travelling on would havecertainly had a few in the inertial navigation
- Product Creation: Get the Full Benefit of the Product
What is the single most powerful marketing technique you can use to grow an existing business?
- Traffic Generator Program Review: InstantBuzz
Source: Free Articles from ArticlesFactory.com
- What is Bum Marketing?
The simple answer to that question is article marketing.† But recently, as more and more peopl
- Best Eight Free Methods For Website Promotion with Tips
1. Forums - Do not spam the forum by blatantly advertising your business in posts. Instead, pu
- New Free Online Advertising Service by 104inc
My last article contained some excited news. As I mentioned,¬†104inc recently launched¬†an exciting
- Never Let Your Marketing Become Too Unfocused
For marketing to really work it needs to have a clear focus and intent behind it. You have to have
- Go Beyond the Expectations of Your Target Market
I like a surprise just as much as the next person, and the best way for a company to surprise me is
- Article Marketing-ge the Go to Guy/gal With Articles: Write for Cash
In the field of article marketing research, or being a Internet marketing consultant you will likel
- Online Stock Photography - a World Where Pigs Fly
I remember back in the early 90s when my brother John called me up on the phone one day and explain
Most viewed articles in this category:
- Advertising The Life Of Your Business
Having an internet business or a website is just the tip of the ice burg, you might have the best lo
- 5 Easy Ways To Inspire Yourself to Write An Internet Marketing Article
The main ingredient in baking up an internet marketing article is a large dose of creativity. While
- 4 Ways to Pull Readers in Using your Articles
What are the qualities of a well written article? It must build your profile as an expert. The
- Using forum posting to drive traffic
Post relevant information to forums and genuinely contribute to discussions. And have your signature
- The Forgotten Advertising Tip
I'm sure while you have seen many tips on advertising, many that talk about testing and tracking yo
- Internet Marketing Strategy:The Advertising Co-op
The advertising co-op is an Internet marketing strategy that should bring sustained financial succes
- THE 7 Step Formula For Writing POWERFUL Articles In Less Than An Hour
What I'm about to Reveal to you in this article is a easy to follow, "Step-By-Step" formul
- Ten reasons why online surveys are the future of marketing
Customers are tough cookies. They're extremely media aware and increasingly cynical – it's a c
- 12 Benefits of Internet Marketing for Your Business
Some of the goals that can be achieved by launching a website include the following:1. Far Cheaper a
- Why your site is not making money
Many people often asked, “Why am I not getting sales, nobody is signing up, I am not making an