Intorduction To Venus

by Jeff Seward - Date: 2008-10-20 - Word Count: 603 Share This!

Venus is the second world from the Sun and is the sixth prevalent. It is the brightest purpose in the night sky excluding for the Moon. Venus orbits the Sun once every 224.7 Earth time and gets as close to the Sun as 107.476 million kilometers and as far away from the Sun as 108.942 million kilometers. This makes the orbit of Venus less elliptical and more circular than any other planets. The temperature on the escalate of Venus can attain as high as 740 degrees Kelvin. This is due to a phenomenon called the greenhouse look whereby carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of Venus traps the Suns heat inside. This makes Venus the newest planet in the Solar System. Venus is even hotter than Mercury although being past away from the Sun.

Venus is 12,100 kilometers in diameter and has a bunch of 4.869e+24 kilograms. This makes Venus like to the Earth and has often been called Earths sister planet. Nevertheless the similarities end there. One foremost difference between the Earth and Venus is that Venus rotates on its axis from east to west, which means if you lived on Venus you would see the Sun rise in the west and set in the east. The atmosphere on Venus is commonly carbon dioxide choked with sulfuric acid and has a make at the exterior more than 92 period the burden at sea steamroll on Earth. Unlike the Earth, Venus does not have a mesmeric topic generated by its iron interior. This may be the outcome of how slowly Venus rotates on its axis. The only alluring area Venus has is very weak and is twisted by the interaction of the solar encircle and the ionosphere of Venus.

The external of Venus is fractious to see through the thick, dense clouds and the first crude similes of the ascend were obtained using ground based radar. More the Magellan spacecraft obtained detailed images which was launched to Venus on May 4, 1989 and depleted four and a the existence radar mapping 98 percent of the exterior of Venus. Later, the European Space Agency launched the Venus Express on November 9, 2005 and on April 11, 2006 it slipped into a polar orbit around Venus. These probes have now provided us with an accurate map of Venus.

Most of the appear of Venus is relatively total plains twisted by giant pools of lava. Venus has thousands of small volcanoes and hundreds of large volcanoes many of which are over 100 kilometers in diameter. There are quite large craters scattered at arbitrary all over the rise of Venus. These craters are more than 2 kilometers varied and smaller craters do not exist because smaller meteors burn up in the thick atmosphere of Venus. The map of Two dominated venus large highland areas, the Ishtar Terra, where the Maxwell Montes, the peak mountain can be found and the Aphrodite Terra highlands.

More missions to Venus are planned and NASAs MESSENGER spacecraft just has done two fly bys of Venus in October 2006 and June 2007 while on its way to Mercury. Spacecraft called BepiColombo, which was launched by the European Space Agency, will also perform two fly bys of Venus on its way to Mercury. Japan forecast to launch the Planet-C Venus climate orbiter in 2010 and NASA has future spacecraft called VISE the Venus In-Situ Explorer which will actually land on Venus. Once on the exterior the Venus In-Situ Explorer will take a center model and scan it. The mission to Venus will tell us more about the compound composition and climate on Earths sister planet.

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